Types of Lumber: The Basics

Types of Lumber: The Basics

Are you looking to start up a woodworking hobby? Perhaps you’re doing some investigating before you start planning to build your own home. Here’s an overview of the different types of lumber out there from E.L. Morse Lumber to get you started on the right track.

Softwood and Hardwood Types of Lumber: The Basics

Different types of trees produce different softness or hardness in the lumber made from them. Coniferous trees, ones with needles like pines, firs, and spruces, usually have softer wood. They’re soft enough to splinter and break from a person’s bare hands, and have to be specially treated over time. It’s interesting that these rough-on-the-outside trees produce softwood lumber, while trees like maple and mahogany produce more stiff, resilient hardwood lumber. Hardwood trees take longer to grow, which is one of the reasons why the wood is so much more expensive.

Classifications of Lumber Types of Lumber: The Basics

All it takes is a glance out your backdoor to see that trees don’t all look the same, even when they’re the same type of tree. So it is with lumber. Not all pine trees will produce the same kind of lumber, which is why they are classified for different uses depending on their characteristics.

Yard Lumber

Yard lumber is one use of softwood, and it’s used in regular construction projects. Depending on the quality, yard lumber comes in different grades: common and select. There’s a no. 3 common, a no. 2 common, and a no. 1 common, 1 being the highest quality grade of common lumber. This highest grade will have a few small, tight knots in it. No. 2 has larger knots and works well in paneling or making shelves. No. 3 has the biggest knots, and does better in fencing or making crates. Select yard lumber has very few to no knots in it at all. The fewer defects in the wood, the higher the select yard lumber grade.

Structural Lumber

Then you have structural lumber. This type of lumber is what a standard 2×4 or 4×4 is made of. It’s typically tested to see how well it will stand up to stress, and different stress grades are used for different purposes. Structural lumber is a diverse material that can be used in a wide variety of accent areas throughout a building. Light framing and structural light framing are done with this type of lumber. Structural joists and planks, as well as beams and stringers, are made up of this lumber type as well. Then you have studs, posts and timbers, and appearance framing at the very end of it all to give it a polished look.

Shop Factory Lumber

Then there’s shop factory lumber, the type of wood that isn’t meant for building large structures. This is the kind of lumber you’re looking for to build doors, pencils, ladders, or any other hodgepodge items that require wood to be manufactured.

The kind of lumber you use is directly in correlation with the kind of work you’re doing. If you’re looking for a bid on your next project, it’s a good idea to get a quote from a lumber company such as E.L. Morse Lumber to get an idea of your costs

Surfing with the stylish and vibrant style of celebrity waves’ nuances for women

Surfing with the stylish and vibrant style of celebrity waves’ nuances for women

Surfing is a very popular water sport that is enjoyed by most women around the world. Getting into the water for sports like surfing and scuba diving requires you to wear special costumes that help you stay afloat. A normal female wetsuit covers you from the neck to the ankle and provides maximum coverage in the water. Surfing wetsuits for women are made to provide thermal insulation to your body when cold water temperatures. It also provides adequate buoyancy to maintain balance in water sports. This is done with the help of bubbles coated in foamed neoprene material from wetsuit. This reduces the density so as to provide sufficient buoyancy in water.
Although most of the wetsuits are made to give you warmth and comfort in cold water, different wetsuits are made for different temperature conditions. Unlike dry suits, wet clothes allow water to enter. Women’s diving clothing is often used in all types of water sport activities such as surfing, kaykaying, rafting, scuba diving, etc.

Surfing with the stylish and vibrant style of celebrity waves’ nuances for women

Wearing a full ladies wetsuit keeps you completely covered in cold water. However, you should make sure that the wetsuit tips, on the neck, ankle and wrist are tight enough so as not to let the water go in continuously. The wetsuit material has a closed nitrogen gas bubble inside it. The thermal conductivity of nitrogen gas is very low and small bubbles reduce heat transport through convection. The cavity thus allows heat transfer only by conduction. It helps reduce heat transfer from body to water, thus keeping you warm in cold water.

While black is definitely classy and attractive, women can now buy surfing surfwear for women in bright colors and attractive patterns. Neon shades are quite popular because they look vibrant and energetic for sports. From bright yellow to magnetic blues, you can have the color of your choice for wetsuit. They are also available in stripes and other patterns to keep in mind the needs of fashion-conscious fashion lovers. Double or multi color underwear also looks pretty interesting in the water.

Designer pants are now not only limited to the world of fashion or glamor. You do not need a party or event to dress up in dressed designer clothes and showcase your style to the world. You can do it anywhere and anywhere with fashion for women who extend their limits even for active clothes. From designer sportswear to designer-made wetsuits, women have fashion rules everywhere. It’s amazing to surf through the lively diving online clothing collection for women in almost any color and style. Newer additions are being made at any time and now to keep the collection up to date with the latest fashion changes. Women who are thinking of trying something new in the water can definitely see the exciting series of multi-hued submarines that make their entries every week. Surfing with the stylish and vibrant style of celebrity waves’ nuances for women

Just search through the online wardrobe catalog at the sports shopping portal and choose what suits your style or vision. Keep yourself updated with fashion by choosing a new age, trendy wetsuit with unique colors or patterns. It’s always fun to have some extra dose of excitement in the water, is not it?

The essential Ta-Nehisi Coates

The essential Ta-Nehisi Coates

Bestselling author Ta-Nehisi Coates pulls no punches in his writings about race relations in America. This morning, he discusses the fine print with our Martha Teichner:

It’s not all that often that a guy who writes about race can sell out a 3,000-seat theater … on a weeknight, especially. But Ta-Nehisi Coates routinely has fans — as many white as black — lined up around the block for tough talk some Americans might be uncomfortable hearing.

“If you are attempting to study American history and you don’t understand the force of white supremacy, you fundamentally misunderstand America,” he told an audience last month at the Metropolitan AME Church in Washington, D.C.

Teichner asked Coates, “Who is your audience?”

“Well, first of all I’m talking to myself,” he laughed. “Secondly, it’s probably young African-American kids who came up like me.”

ONE WORLD
“But whole bunches of white people buy your books in large numbers.”

“Yeah, I know, and I don’t know why it is!”

“Are you surprised?”

“Yes. I mean, I’m not surprised anymore, but initially I was very surprised.”

His latest book, “We Were Eight Years in Power: An American Tragedy” by Ta-Nehisi Coates (One World), an expanded version of essays he wrote for The Atlantic since 2008, was an instant bestseller. His last, a letter to his son about the hazards of being a black male in America (“Between the World and Me”), spent 80 weeks on The New York Times list. It won the National Book Award in 2015, the same year Ta-Nehisi Coates received a so-called MacArthur “genius grant.”

“To be black in the Baltimore of my youth was to be naked before the elements of the world, before all the guns, fists, knives, crack, rape, and disease. The nakedness is not an error, nor pathology. The nakedness is the correct and intended result of policy, the predictable upshot of people forced for centuries to live under fear.”

Coates said, “I try to write in such a way that it makes people feel things. I don’t want them to read what I’m writing and just say, ‘I think that’s right’ and agree with me. I want them to read something and then walk away and be haunted by it.”

Forty-two now, Coates grew up in Baltimore surrounded by violence … and books. His father, Paul Coates, a one-time Black Panther, published forgotten African-American writers in his basement, and worked for years as a research librarian at historically black Howard University, in Washington, D.C.

Author and essayist Ta-Nehisi Coates with correspondent Martha Teichner. CBS NEWS
Touring the university’s library, where Ta-Nehisi would come as a child with his father, Paul Coates said, “Much of this collection is older than the university. It’s older than 150 years; it goes back to the abolitionist period. I feel that energy when I enter this space.

“I wanted [Ta-Nehisi] to be connected to his community,” Paul said. “I wanted him to give back and understand that he was not separate from his community, that his successes could only be the successes of his community, and that his community was actually his lifeblood.”

Later, as a Howard student in the mid-’90s, Coates practically lived in this library. “You literally could go through that card catalog back there and in my recollection, it was almost anything I wanted to read written by a black author, I could just go get. I felt liberated in here.”

Ta-Nehisi Coates on the writing process
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Ta-Nehisi Coates on the writing process
Howard, for him, was an awakening — less about his classes, more about self-education, experiencing a whole world in a small space: “You would meet students from Africa here, students from the Caribbean,” he said.

Although he didn’t graduate, it was at Howard that he began to write, and where he made friends with another student, Prince Jones, whose killing by police in 2000 as he drove to his fiance’s home, galvanized Coates’ rage, and made him the writer he is now.

“I had somebody who I knew, a living person whose life had value, and it was taken through no fault of his own,” Coates said. “I write what I write in the way that I write it. I’m not being abstract, you know. I’m talking about something that, you know, is a part of my life.”

A national correspondent for The Atlantic, his June 2014 cover story, “The Case for Reparations,” was his controversial ticket to prominence. His argument: that the wealth gap (“For every nickel of wealth that the average black family has, a white family has a dollar”) is the result of a long history of discriminatory housing policies, and must be redressed.

To Coates, “the very idea of uplift is the thing that is most threatening.”

Suddenly, he was the nation’s lightning rod on race.

 

An excerpt from the new book, published recently in The Atlantic, contends that Donald Trump couldn’t have been elected had his predecessor not been Barack Obama.

How to Set Financial Goals That Grow Your Business

The bad news: 90% of all startups fail.

How can you make sure your business is at 10% successful?

Setting realistic goals and easy to build is one of the most important ways to make sure you do not fail.

Here, we tell you four key financial goals you need to set to grow your business. We will also talk about how to set it up to fit your overall resources and mission.

1. Profitability
Of course, you want to make money. To do that, you need to bring more than you spend.

To ensure your profitability objectives match your business phase, see your revenue sources and tell how much you expect from each source.

Then, take a look at everything that contributes to your operating expenses: things like taxes, salaries, transportation, and rent. Then, set some realistic goals – and make sure your time frame also makes sense.

Here, working with a chartered accountant company can help you make sure you have the right number.

At this stage, even minor errors can cause serious problems. This is not the time to make your own random estimates – it’s time to rely on professional services.

2. Set the Right Cash Flow Flow
Here, you must determine the amount of money you need each month (or even weekly) to keep the door open.

Find out how you will cover your most basic costs, and remember that things can change quickly based on the seasons. Also consider account issues such as slowing payments, which could mean you have to make adjustments in the schedule for smooth cash flow.

We recommend that you set aside additional funds now, so this setback will not affect you in the future.

3. Make Sure Your Goals Build Each Other
You should see each goal as a stepping stone to reach the next one. Ask yourself how your goals relate to each other?

Breaking larger goals into smaller steps. It is not only an easier way to do business, it also allows you to evaluate the effectiveness of your strategy and make adjustments as necessary.

4. Purpose For Expansion
Of course, expansion is a big part of any business growth plan! But if you bite more than you can chew too early, your business can, and will likely, fail.

Evaluate if you want to grow fast, or more methodical. Then ask yourself the amount of outside funding you need to do it.

Can you donate one of your sales revenue to your expansion plan, or not?

If you go with outside funds, make sure you have thoroughly researched your options before defining a particular financial plan.

Your Small Business or Startup is Ready to Grow
With 28 million small businesses in America alone accounting for 54% of all sales in this country, you have to stand out from the crowd to keep it open.

Setting achievable, flexible, and methodical goals as early as possible in your business is the best way to ensure you are successful in your industry.

When it’s Time to Repair Your Plate Heat Exchangers

 

If you’re already using plate heat exchanges, you probably already know how critical they are for your business.

But what happens when they break? Here’s how you can know when it’s time to embark on the plate refurbishment process.

Weigh your options
If you’re in the position where your plate heat exchanger has completely broken, then the first thing you need to do is to be repaired or repaired. Whether it’s an old furnace or a commercial refrigeration unit, this is a big decision and can have a major impact on your bottom line.

First, you’ll want to know that it’s actually the plate heat exchanger that’s not working. If it’s a furnace, have you eliminated all other possible problems?

For example, there’s no point in undergoing the plate refurbishment process if it’s actually an electrical problem or a clogged filter.

Second, you want to determine the associated associated. We have a free quote service so you can get a good idea of ​​what you’re getting into nice and early if you decide to refurbish and fix rather than buy new.

Finally, you’ll want to look at the replacement unit just to compare. Contact your local dealer and browse any online commercial stores.

It is also worth looking at the used market to see if you can pick up a deal. If your unit is especially old, sometimes the best option is to buy an old unit and actually refurbish THOSE heat exchanging plates, giving you the most cost effective solution.

How old is your unit?
Whether you’re looking at second-hand units or just trying to date yours to make the best decision, you’ll probably want to know how old it is. Some of the experts will write the installation date on the unit, giving you the age.

However, if it’s not there, you can still figure it out. Just look around for any manufacturer information, serial numbers, or model numbers (so you may have to turn the unit off if you have not already).

After that, it’s just a matter of Googling the manufacturing number and seeing what comes back. If that does not work, you can always call your manufacturer’s helpline.

What can a refurbishment do?
10-20 years of use.

But what are the benefits of taking on the plate refurbishment process?

The biggest benefit of plate refurbishment instead of replacement is that it’s a cost-effective way to expand the life of your heat exchanger plate. By simply cleaning it through our exhaustive process, we can restore a shocking amount of life and viability into the tool.

Second, it means that you can put off a major new purchase. It also means that your initial investment into a quality unit is going to continue to reap dividends. Assuming the plates are not cracked (we check), after cleaning and new gaskets your unit might last anywhere from another 10-20 years.

Wrapping up
Knowing whether it is time to clean and maintain your heat exchanger plates is not easy. But if you carefully evaluate your unit, it’s age, and your own financial circumstances, you can not go wrong.

Branded marketing

Branded marketing

measure is very important to contemporary organisations. Corporate brand has become a valuable asset for a company, which some times have value beyond the book value.
To answer the question stated above it is important to explain what a corporate brand is. It is also important to look into the issue how a corporate brand is beneficial to an organization. What kind of financial benefit it can provide to an organization and to what extent it helps organisations to gain competitive advantages over its competitors.

 

There are several definitions of corporate brands presented by different authors and scholars. Some of the defamations are as follow:

David A. Aaker defined corporate brand as “a corporate brand that will define the corporate heritage, assets and capabilities, people, values ​​and priorities, a local or global frame of reference, and a formance record.”

(Brand portfolio strategy by David A. Aaker, California management review vol46 no3 spring 2004.)

According to Balmer (2003) the corporate brand is seen as a covenanted identity, which is viewed as independent and distinct. Balmer (2001) developed the mnemonic C2ITE (Cultural, intricate, tangible, ethereal and commitment), reflecting the corporate brands.

While Lawer and Knox (2004) states that a corporate brand is a way to conceive, manage and communicate corporate brand values ​​in order to guide managerial decisions, actions and normative firm behaviour. It can then state that the brand is generally the name of a product or a mark of ownership.

So being able to express its self is true and openly and then communicate the message to its consumers clearly.

“The corporate branding philosophy, at it’s core, represents an explicit covenant between organisations and it’s key stakeholder groups, including customers” (Balmer & Greyser, 2003)

Corporate branding can be defined as “corporate brand brand name.” It is an attempt to leverage corporate brand equity to create product brand recognition. ”

wikipedia.org/wiki/Corporate_branding

The keeping of an organization promise can lead to corporate brand equity; This is what consumers hold, strong, and unique associations about the brand in memory (Keller 1993). David Beckham said, “I can not even imagine using any nothing else then Adidas”. Though he is the contracted model for Adidas. This made sports people with money buy that item. Rolex watches can also be for example, Rolex watches for high-class people. This makes people with money buy the Rolex watches to show the class. This is the brand equity of Adidas and Rolex.

Brand equity can be transferred to other products as well. This can be seen in the case of VW buying the Skoda. Before VW got Skoda’s sales declining but in recent years Skoda’s Skoda’s transfer of its brand equity. G.M motors have also bought different corporate brands such as Daewoo and Volvo and have transferred the brand equity to them brands.

This does not stop here there are many benefits of corporate brand. Newman (2001) suggests that the success rate of a new product or service may be a corporate brand behind it. Also costs could be reduced when launching the product or service.

3 Tips for HVAC System Efficiency Clean Room

3 Tips for HVAC System Efficiency Clean Room

For many technical and scientific buildings, it takes a clean space. Most of their work can be changed even by the smallest contaminant in the room. But workers can not work in a vacuum, therefore the clean room HVAC system is very important. It will decorate clean air into the room while maintaining temperature control. Here are 3 tips to save costs while keeping the integrity of sterile space.

Configure the Face Speed 3 Tips for HVAC System Efficiency Clean Room

Air handlers provide sterile air by passing air over the filter. The rate at which this occurs is known as face velocity. Often, air handlers use small handlers with multiple filters folded for air to flow. This process requires a lot of energy for a large fan to move air to the entire face area. By reducing the tone of the face and making it wider, the smaller fan will move the air more efficiently through the handler with lower speed. By using a high efficiency fan, the cost to operate the system is reduced even more.

Variable Speed3 Tips for HVAC System Efficiency Clean Room

In order for the clean room to remain clean, the temperature remains at a very low point to prevent bacteria and other pathogens from growing. All of the different motors in the refrigerating apparatus greatly contribute to the overall energy consumption indoors. One way to control costs is to use a motor equipped with variable speed control. This allows the motor to work at a slower speed during down time and does not create that much heat energy. Without that much heat energy, the cooling unit has an easier time maintaining the temperature.

Dedicated Load Settings

Many clean room HVAC systems are designed to cool the room during working hours. Temperature is controlled by cold water that flows through the cooling loop in the room. There is no temperature variation, so water should be kept at one temperature whether one is working or not. By creating two separate settings for different times of the day, the system does not have to continuously process cold water through the room. Even slowing the flow of water in a cooling pipe can have a dramatic effect on energy consumption without losing its effectiveness.

A clean room HVAC system can use up to half of the electricity budget for a company. Most of the energy consumed is often wasted during non-peak hours or with inefficient equipment. While cost efficiency improves more money in the beginning, it can be more than paying design and equipment costs over time.

Increase your performance in water with a women’s impact vest and keep

Increase your performance in water with a women’s impact vest and keep

We all know the reason why we get into the water with swimming costumes, vests or wetsuits. The only reason is our performance improvement. They help give us better freedom of movement and buoyancy. The impact vest of women increases buoyancy in the water and thereby helps you in your performance in water sport activities such as diving and surfing. This activity puts pressure on posture and balance but maintaining buoyancy is also important in water sports, especially if your body has to drown water. Carrying capacity can only come when your clothes are designed in such a way as to create a low density impact. Wearing a women’s impact vest is almost mandatory for activities such as kiteboarding where they provide great help to help you stay afloat. Its thickness is about 2mm-3mm and can also be used for comfort on a summer day or for extra protection against cold winds.
Another costume is a wetsuit worn by most divers and female surfers. The wetsuit’s main job is to give you buoyancy and also keep you warm from cold water. However, that does not mean you can not wear wetsuit in warmer weather conditions. Wetsuits are not only made for a colder climate but also made for a warmer climate as well. Either the material can be different or you can have a wetsuit springsuit woman. Springsuit is a special wuituit of thinner material and shorter length. Sometimes also known as shorty, the foot of the spring suit reaches to kneel or just a few inches below the knee and the arms are usually short sleeves. Proven from the design they create for warmer weather conditions where you have to stay calm in the water. They are easier to slip than full coverage and help you stay comfortable in warmer waters. However, they give you the same buoyancy and help your appearance in the same way.

Increase your performance in water with a women’s impact vest and keep

Choosing the right type of wet suit can be a little complicated. But if you are a diligent surfer or if you want to explore this sport, you must have both types of wet clothes for all weather conditions. A relatively new person with these terms and types of wet clothes should do a little research to understand which type of wetsuit suits your needs.

Both spring suits and impact vests are easily obtainable in sports shopping stores with different colors and patterns. This is done keeping in mind that women love a dose of fashion in every field. Sports clothes need not be bland and boring. You can choose to wear colorful life jackets and spring suits instead of choosing basic colors such as blue and black. The design of trendy underwear with a zip cover on the front makes them easier to slip just before you hit the water. Try to bring some excitement in your sport to give yourself extra energy and liveliness to perform better in style.

Water sport activities such as kiteboard require you to wear a women’s impact vest to get better buoyancy in the water. Shorter and shorter wetsuits, known as womens springsuit wuitens can give you help and comfort in a warmer climate. Increase your performance in water with a women’s impact vest and keep

How Far We Are Coming: Using Webpages Instead of the Ruler to Find the Long Distance

How Far We Are Coming: Using Webpages Instead of the Ruler to Find the Long Distance

Uneven world ball Therefore, getting a distance between two points is greater than the matter of drawing a straight line. However, it can be very useful to know how many miles or kilometers are between two points. In this case, the use of a straight-range calculator can be useful. Instead of applying maps, rulers as well as important factors that explain the scale on the map, it is possible to simply enter two cities and reveal the direction of distance between cities. This greatly simplifies his approach. Get more details on how far between cities
A straight-line distance calculator is a new phenomenon. Previously, someone who wanted to know how far between Boston, Massachusetts, and London, England, for example, had to sit with a map of the world. Need to see the distance between two points on the map. After that, the person should check the map scale and make sure what each measuring unit is equal to (one inch inches equal to x mile level or one centimeter equals x kilometer volume). The mathematical equations will be used, and the total distance can be calculated.

 

The world wide web has simplified this approach by providing access to a straight-range calculator. This calculator happens to be made to provide related information and facts in the format preferred by everyone (ie miles or kilometers). It can even supply sea miles for those who need that measurement to get a specific project. The straight distance involving the city is usually an important detail for various projects or factoring for the trip. These information and facts may only be collected basically by accessing the calculators produced for that purpose.

The straight distance involving the city is unprofitable for individuals who wish to travel by car and need to know the approximate time of travel from one location to another. Even so, even these people can get anything on the track. This is really a very good piece of information to have for those who need a basic concept of the extent of the distance between two areas – that is, if a plan is planned for the future or if the relative understands how far a member of a household lives in another .

A straight-distance calculator shows the basic idea of ​​your space involving two specific cities or landmarks. In addition, it allows individuals to find a size that corresponds to “how the crow flies.” This measurement can be helpful in several ways. It combines two people who bet on the distance between the two method locations to determine the winner of the bet, or an author who thinks how far two characters if it is in two cities. The straight distance between cities may not provide substantially reasonable benefits, but this can be fantastic info to have for everyone who likes to know information and facts with little value and no sense.

Why You Need to Upgrade to Memory Foam Mattress

 

Your body relies on a deep sleep.

Getting a good night’s rest is essential to maintaining a healthy lifestyle and healthy emotional health. It can also fix or block your everyday functions.

Without sleeping, you are fussy, less productive, and at risk of some serious health problems including heart disease, stroke, and obesity.

Having a good mattress can be the path of life or your downfall when it comes to catching some ZZZ’s stuff.

Memory foam mattress gives you the comfort and support needed to ensure you get the best possible sleep while not sacrificing the alignment of your body.

Why Should Have Memory Foam Matras?
In contrast to spring mattresses, memory foam provides posture support, posture support, and improved blood circulation.

This mattress has a memory foam layer, a support core, and a cover that is covered in the main ‘casing’ cover.

They consist of a visto-elastic foam that allows mattresses to adjust pressure and body temperature. Visto-elasticity is what makes the mattress so durable and able to treat back, neck, and joint pain.

Memory foam mattresses can evenly distribute your weight that increases blood flow, stopping a restless night.

Which Memory Foam Mattress is Right for Me?
The traditional memory foam mattress retains body heat very well so it feels warmer than the spring mattress. However, if you are in a less temperate location or prefer a cooler bed option, you may want to choose a gel foam mattress for not retaining that much heat.

An infusion-containing foam foam also contains a visto-elastic foam, but also holds a gel layer or beads to break down heat absorption.

In addition, if you are looking for a mattress that provides the same level of comfort without chemical makeup, you should consider a plant-based memory foam mattress.

This environmentally friendly mattress is made from natural alternatives of visto-elastic and polyurethane foam. Soybeans, jatropha seeds and bamboo are usually found inside natural memory foam mattresses.

Eco-friendly and gel-infused options are as solid and comfortable as traditional memory foams. Apart from the actual make-up of the mattress, the most striking difference is the heat each has.

Final Thought
Memory foam mattresses are usually slightly more expensive than spring mattresses. However, they last for 8-10 years as opposed to 3-5, so finally, buying a memory foam mattress will save you money in the long run.

Memory foam mattresses can be combined with electric blankets, heated mattress pads, and can even be placed on top of your spring case.

However, I would advise not to use memory foam if there is a broken blade because it is unsafe to hold your weight and your mattress.

Are you sure yet? If not, you should know that most furniture stores allow buyers to test new mattresses. So go out and use this ‘ride’ test! I’ll warn you: once you try the memory foam mattress – you will not look back!